In order to qualify for federal financial aid at any U.S. college, you will need to fill out the Free Application for Federal Student Aid, or FAFSA. Below, you'll find our answers to some of the most common question about the financial aid process.
The FAFSA is a long, comprehensive application form that you must complete and submit to the government in order to receive federal financial aid. Once you fill it out, the government will share your information with your chosen schools. The form asks for information about your income, the size of your household, and how many of your family members currently attend school. You will need your parent or guardian to help supply a lot of this information. Once all of your numbers have been submitted, the government analyzes the information to determine your expected family contribution, or EFC.
The government makes the new form available on January 1st of each year. You must fill out a new FAFSA for each year you plan on attending school. Make sure you fill out your new forms online so you can just make updates instead of redoing the entire application. The schools that you're applying to, or the one you're currently attending, will use your results to put together their financial aid offers for you. You should receive this information in early spring.
The amount of aid you receive can be hard to predict. You can get federal funds, federal or state sponsored grants, loans, or some combination of all three. You can also apply for a work-study program at your school. These are usually part-time campus jobs. The actual amount of money you receive will vary depending on your school, and your financial situation.
If you're completing your FAFSA for the first time, you'll want to compare financial aid offers from all the schools where you're accepted, and make the best decision for you and your family. If you're a returning student, schedule a meeting with the office of financial aid right away. Colleges want to retain and graduate their students, so they are often able to work with you to find a solution.