COVID-19 Update: To help students through this crisis, The Princeton Review will continue our "Enroll with Confidence" refund policies. For full details, please click here.

We are experiencing sporadically slow performance in our online tools, which you may notice when working in your dashboard. Our team is fully engaged and actively working to improve your online experience. If you are experiencing a connectivity issue, we recommend you try again in 10-15 minutes. We will update this space when the issue is resolved.


Most people think of history as the mere study of the past, but knowing the dates of the Battle of Antietam or the life of a Roman citizen, circa 150 B.C., represent only a small aspect of the value of an advanced degree in history. While most people who earn a master’s in history work in education, the trends are moving toward a much broader area of career choices. Many employers, such as business owners and other corporate agencies, look for people with strong backgrounds in the liberal arts. The study of history and the classes associated with majors, concentrations, and professional studies are core to the philosophy of the liberal-arts degree.

In studying history, you might break up learning objectives in two ways: strategies in dealing with information and acquisition of knowledge in the content area (like Latin American Studies or American Colonial History). In studying history, you’ll master the thinking verbs: interpret, critique, judge, compare, integrate, and analyze. Problem-solving skills, the ability to see patterns, and understanding meaning are essential skills that employers in any field look favorably upon.

You will also study, well, history. Since the study of history is so broad, a general history master’s is not very common. Most programs require you to choose some kind of concentration, such as the ancient world, contemporary America, or Asian studies. The more advanced your degree, the more specialized in one area you’ll become. The unique aspect to history is that it is so inter-curricular: you may specialize in the history of medicine, the history of technology, public history, and so forth. There are many, many directions you can go.

Degree Information

A master’s degree in history can take anywhere from two to five years. Some programs emphasize research, while others simply require a certain amount of credit. Depending on the nature of the program, some kind of research project, dissertation, or extensive paper is typically required for graduation. A departmental exam may also be required. Many schools will require its graduate students to teach an undergraduate course or two before they graduate.

A Ph.D. is another option and is usually necessary if you plan to teach at the university level. Ph.D. programs typically require a written dissertation and oral defense though exact requirements will vary by school.

Joint degree programs, such as a J.D./M.A. (law degree and master’s degree), are yet another option, though they are not available at all schools.

Questions to Ask Yourself When Choosing a Degree Program

  • Does the program have career-placement statistics? Do they offer career counseling?
  • What kinds of research options are available?
  • What specialties to the faculty have?
  • Does the program offer the concentration I’m interested in?

Career Overview

The skills you gain with a master’s in history will open doors in more career fields than you may think. Teaching, government agencies, non-profits, small business, and corporations are a few of the areas in which you may end up working. Just a few occupations of historians include museum curator, archaeologist, government jobs (like the National Park Service), librarian, archivist, restorer/renovator, or tour guide. As with many degrees in the liberal arts, your expertise in analyzing data, problem-solving, and writing skills will be sought after in many other fields.

Career/Licensing Requirements

Teaching at a non-university level will require a state-certified licensure; government jobs may require written tests or health exams. It all depends on where you end up.

Salary Information

Typical salaries start from $25,000 to $30,000. From there, it really depends on the job. Because the diversity of jobs a history-degree holder may have, the salary range is equally varied.

Related Links

The Smithsonian
The Smithsonian’s official site that provides links to all their museums. Make sure to take a look at "History and Culture."

Society of Architectural Historians
Guide to study tours, awards and fellowships, and a link for "Graduate Student Corner." Site also links to state chapters for additional research.

American Libraries Association
National site for professional librarians. Many librarians start out with a master’s in history.

National Trust for Historic Preservation
Professional information on all types of preservation interests.


  • The Diversity Of Courses You May Take For An Advanced History Degree Is Too Numerous To Adequately Summarize. Here Are The Types Of Classes You Are Likely To Take: Research Seminar In …

  • Archival Sources

  • Critical Issues Of …

  • Culture Of …

  • History Of …

  • Problems In …

  • Readings And Research